Health

Other than bringing your pet in for a routine check-up or vaccinations in order to prevent health issues, there are many reasons why you should seek medical attention for your pet. Here is a short list of symptoms to watch out for:

Vomiting

Loss of appetite

Change in consistency of stool

Difficulty urinating

Labored, noisy or fast breathing

Coughing

Weakness

Fainting

Intolerance to exercise

Limping

Hair loss

Scratching

Keeping eyes closed

Nose secretions

Sleep disturbance

Weight loss

Dragging rear end

Blood in stool

Possible poisoning from eating something toxic

Loss of energy

Difficulty breathing

Sneezing

Seizure

Swelling of joints

Redness and/or secretions in ears and/or eyes

Unusual vocalization

Obesity

Open wound

*Please note that this is just a short list of some of the main problems we see in the pets that come to visit us. If you are unsure about what is going on with your pet, it is best not to wait. We are ready for your call and we will make time to see your furry loved one as quickly as possible!

Pet Nutrition

OUR VETERINARY STAFF WILL HAPPILY PROVIDE YOU WITH PET FOOD RECOMMENDATIONS

Nutrition, including controlling your pet's weight, seriously affects pet health, especially as your pet ages. Weight management is one of the most critical factors in maintaining pet health. Giving your pet unlimited access to food (free feeding) is one of the worst things you can do. The standard serving for felines and canines is 120-170 calories per pound of body weight. If you're trying to help your pet gain weight, increase caloric intake, and if you're wanting your pet to lose weight, decrease caloric consumption. During a routine exam, we can discuss the exact amount of food to add or subtract from your pet's diet based on breed, activity level, and current weight. Remember that overweight pets are more likely to suffer from arthritis, certain cancers, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and skin problems.

FAQ

Q: DO I NEED TO HAVE MY DOG'S DEW CLAWS REMOVED?

A: Most dogs with dew claws attached are in perfect health. Removing dew claws is not a necessity, rather a preference some pet owners have. Dew claw removal is recommended for pets who dig frequently and are at risk for ripping the claws off, a painful and unnecessary experience. If you prefer to have your dog's dew claws removed, mention it at your pet's veterinary exam prior to their spay or neuter surgery. Oftentimes, your vet can remove the claws during the same procedure.

Q: HOW LONG DO PETS TEETHE?

A: The age at which pets lose teeth varies. Most dogs lose their deciduous teeth between the ages of five to eight months, while cats lose theirs between the ages of three to six months. Unlike humans, pets will lose teeth as their adult teeth grow in and push deciduous teeth out. You will not need to pull on teeth to help remove them.

Q: HOW DO I CLEAN MY PET'S EYE DISCHARGE?

A: Some pet breeds are more susceptible to excessive eye discharge. For pets with lighter fur, this discharge may stain the area around the eyes, causing a pet to look unclean. Cleaning these ocular secretions is extremely important, as a build-up of eye fluid may cause harmful bacterial infections. There are numerous products available at pet stores that clean and sanitize eye secretions. If you opt not to purchase a special product, you can use a clean, damp cloth to gently remove eye discharge, but avoid making contact with the eye itself.

Q: DO I NEED TO CUT MY CAT'S CLAWS?

A: Clipping the points off cat claws can prevent damage to furniture, stop your pet from getting an ingrown nail, or avoid having their nails grow so long they injure themselves. Clipping claws is not necessary, but many veterinary professionals recommend it, and some practices will even clip them for you during annual wellness exams. In some regions, clipping claws is not recommended for outdoor cats. Be sure to ask your veterinarian whether it is a good decision for your cat.

Q: DOES MY CAT NEED GROOMING?

A: Cats typically do not need grooming. They are inclined to clean themselves and have a tongue meant for cleaning fur. Occasionally, your cat may trample through mud and require a bath, but these instances are rare. However, if you have an allergy sufferer in your home, bathing your cat may improve their condition. Cats do benefit from periodic brushing, especially cats with longer hair. A pet owner might consider having their longer haired cat shaved during hot summer months, but this is entirely elective and is not necessary.

Q: CAN I SHAVE MY DOG?

A: Most pet owners believe that shaving their dog during summer months helps them keep cool; however, thicker coated breeds have an internal thermostat that allows their body to adjust to warmer weather and self-regulate their internal temperature, so they do not need to be shaved. Shaving a dog that is not used to having short hair allows them to be exposed to harmful UV rays, particularly for outdoor dogs. You are much better off providing an outdoor dog with adequate shade and a pool of water to cool off in. Also, shaving some breeds can cause permanent damage to their coat. Consult with a certified pet groomer about the consequences of shaving your pet prior to cutting their hair.

Q: IS MY FEMALE PET MENSTRUATING?

A: Female pets that are not spayed will enter a heat cycle and menstruate. Similar to human women, if a pet is not impregnated during her heat cycle, she will shed her uterine lining and bleed. Purchasing pet-specific diapers will help absorb any bodily fluid that your pet may excrete. If a pet refuses to wear the diapers, confine them to a room with an easy-to-clean floor. If you do not want your menstruating dog to become impregnated, prevent them from situations where a male pet may mount them. Male pets can smell a female's heat cycle and will try everything possible to get to your female pet.

Most dogs menstruate continuously for 21 days, approximately every 6 months. Cats' cycles last 4 to 10 days but occur more frequently than dogs, about once every 8 to 12 weeks. If you do not plan on breeding your pet, have them spayed. Spaying female pets prevents numerous health issues, including some life-threatening diseases.

Q: WHY DOES MY DOG EAT ITS FECES?

A: There are numerous reasons why dogs eat their feces. The medical term for the act is called coprophagy. Reasons can include:

  • A dog is ashamed for defecating and eats it to "hide the evidence".

  • A dog is bored and knows eating fecal matter gets an owner's attention, which is what they're really after.

  • The dog is not getting full nutritional value from their food, and feces contain undigested food that the dog finds appetizing.

HOW TO GET YOUR PET TO STOP:

  • Add enzyme supplements to their diet, or purchase a higher grade dog food to promote digestion and prevent feces from containing "appetizing", undigested portions.

  • Add pumpkin, spinach, or pineapple to the dog's diet. These foods are believed to taste horrible the second time around.

  • Clean up after your dog on a daily basis, limiting their access to pet waste.

  • Cover the fecal matter with a repulsive substance such as Tabasco sauce or cayenne pepper.

Q: WHY DOES MY DOG WALK IN A CIRCLE BEFORE LYING DOWN?

A: Circling their sleeping place is one of the many wild habits that canines never evolved away from. In the wild, dogs would circle a grassy area to trample down grass and make a comfortable surface to lie on. Circling is also how dogs mark their territory, so it is possible they are also staking claim to the surface upon which they are going to lie down. Some dogs will dig at the surface they are going to lie on. Again, this is a method of making the area more comfortable.

Q: WHY IS MY CAT SUDDENLY REFUSING TO USE ITS LITTER BOX?

A: Cats refuse their litter box for several reasons. The reason why your cat chooses not to use the litter box depends on where they are opting to go instead. Cats who start to relieve themselves just outside the litter box are trying to signal you to clean the box. No pet likes to step in their own waste so perhaps the litter box is too full for your cat to comfortably "go" in. If your cat is seemingly having accidents around the entire house, they may have a urinary tract infection and will need immediate veterinary assistance. If you are unsure why your cat is refusing their litter box, it is best to schedule a veterinary exam to be sure the problem is not caused by a serious medical issue.

Q: WHEN WILL MY DOG'S TESTICLES MATURE?

A: Dogs' testicles drop at various times between the ages of 4 to 9 months. Often pet owners will push on their dog's testicles in an attempt to feel for them, but doing so can actually cause harm. If your pet has reached one year of age and still has not had their testicles drop, schedule a veterinary exam.

Q: WHY DO PETS EAT GRASS?

A: Veterinarians are in disagreement regarding why pets snack on plants, including grass. Some feel that dogs instinctually chew grass because it was once a primary source of food for wild dogs. Some veterinarians insist that pets know it eliminates stomach pain or can induce vomiting, allowing a pet to rid themselves of something that is bothering their gastrointestinal tract. Other pet experts argue that pets eat grass because their diet has a nutritional imbalance that grass can correct. Regardless of why your pet gnaws on grass, veterinarians are in agreement that it is not detrimental to your pet's health.

Q: WHY DOES MY CAT KNEAD OBJECTS?

A: Similar to eating grass, veterinarians and pet experts don't fully understand why cats perform the kneading ritual. Several theories about why cats knead include:

  • An increasing urge for a mate during their heat cycle.

  • Attempting to soften bedding or make a more comfortable place to lie down.

  • Having never grown out of the habit from their kitten years, cats continue to knead thinking it will produce milk.

  • Leave the scent from their foot pads in areas they wish to mark as their territory.

  • Signifies a form of flattery when kneading an owner.